Красноярская универсиада 2019 года

2-12 MARCH 2019

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    COUNTDOWN TO WINTER UNIVERSIADE 2019

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    Ski orienteering

    A sport in which participants using the sports map and compass must go through the checkpoints (KP), located on the ground. The results, as a rule, determined according to the time of passing the distance (in certain cases subject to the time penalty) or the number of points.

    Sports Disciplines included into the Winter Universiade 2019

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    SPRINT

    A short race that lasts from 12 to 15 minutes. The track has quite a few checkpoints: for instance, a 3 km route may have from 8 to 10 of those. Athletes start the race individually, with a minute difference between each.

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    PURSUIT RACE

    Delayed start race. Athletes start the race according to the amount of time they lost to the winner in sprint or in preliminary competitions.

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    MIXED RELAY

    MIXED RELAY The race consists of six legs, 6-8 minutes each. Each team has a female and a male member. Each of the participants in turn runs in three legs of the race.

    Facts

    The skiing technique per se is not that important in ski orienteering. Much more important is the technique of passing various sections of the track, maneuvering skills, such as cutting corners, slowing down, climbing hill slopes along a narrow ski track, etc. And, of course, you need to choose the right route to reach the finish line as quickly as possible.

    History

    Sport type photo история

    Sport orienteering first appeared as a skill of orienting yourself on the terrain, and became a sport of its own at the end of the 19th century. The first competitions were held in military garrisons of the UK, Norway and Sweden.

    First large-scale orienteering competitions for civilians were organized by Tjalve, a Norwegian club, near Oslo in 1897. By 1934 this kind of sport spread to Switzerland, USSR and Hungary. Annual competitions for men and women in Sweden, Norway and Finland started in the same year as the Second World War.

    The International Orienteering Federation was founded on May 21, 1961 at a congress in Copenhagen.

    The first World Ski Orienteering Championships were held inin Hyvinkää (Finland) in 1975. The competition was attended by national teams of Finland, Sweden, the UK, Austria, Bulgaria and Switzerland.

    The hosting nation took all the medals in the long distance race, which had been called the classical race back then. Olavi Svanberg became the first world champion. Women’s gold went to another Finnish representatives Sinikke Kukkonen, and silver and bronze medals were won by women from Sweden. Other events included relay races, where men’s teams had four participants, and women’s three.

    In 1988 the program was further amended.A middle distance was added.Sprint was added in 2002, and a mixed relay (with one woman and one man) was added in 2011. In 2005 men’s relay teams were expanded to three participants.

    Over the past several years there was much talk in the IOF about entering this sport into the program of Winter Olympic Games. An application was sent to the International Olympic Committee, and if it is approved, we will know in 2022 who will become the first Olympic champion in ski orienteering.