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Красноярская универсиада 2019 года

2-12 MARCH 2019

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Countdown to winter universiade 2019

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Cross-Country skiing

Sport type logo dsc00759

Cross-Country Skiing is a Winter Olympic sport in which the athlete uses skis to complete a certain distance in a minimum time. Ski races include men’s competitions and women’s events.

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Sports Disciplines included into the Winter Universiade 2019

Sport type photo ЛГ персьют

PURSUIT

Pursuit is a competition where skiers use free style. The starting position of the skiers is governed by results of the previous races with staggered start of classic style.

Men
10 km
Women
5 km
Sport type photo лыжные гонки  масс старт

MASS START

Mass Start is a ski competition in which all athletes start the race at the same time and a distance of 15 km for women and 30 km for men.

Men
30 km
Women
15 km
Sport type photo ЛГ Эстафета

RELAY

Relay is a ski competition between the teams that consist of 4 athletes each. Ski relay includes 4 legs. Relay races can be held in one style (all participants complete their legs in classic or in free style) or in two styles (1st and 2nd legs participants run in classic style, and 3rd and 4th legs — in free style). The relay exchange is carried out by athlete’s palm touch of any part of the body of the starting athlete of the team while both athletes are in the relay exchange area. Sprint (individual and team)

Men
4*7,5 km
Women
3*5 km
Sport type photo лыжные гонки  масс старт

CROSS-COUNTRY SKIING MASS START

Free style

Men
30 km
Women
15 km
Sport type photo Л Гонкикоманд спринт

MIXED TEAM SPRINT RELAY

The team consists of two athletes. During the race they exchange the relay in the end of each lap with a total of six laps completed by the team (three for each team member). The distance of one lap makes 1.5 km. During the relay exchange the skier is to touch the teammate and do not interfere with the process of relay exchange of other teams. First, two semi-finals are held. The best five teams from each semi-final go to the final. The winning team is the one athletes of which will be the first to cross the finish line.

Sport type photo Л Гонки спринт

SPRINT

First, there is a qualifying round during which athletes start with a 15-second interval and complete the distance of one lap (1.5 km for women and men). Best 30 athletes go to the quarter-finals. Starting from this stage, skiers start the race from the mass start — six people in each race. 12 athletes - best two in each quarter-final as well as two best skiers from the rest - go to the semi-finals. The Final A selection is similar to the previous one: six best athletes go to the Final A They compete for the medals. The winner is the one who crossed the finish line first. In addition, there is also Final B in which athletes compete for 6th - 12th places.

Men
10 km
Women
5 km

Facts

Nowadays both skis are of the same length. But before it wasn’t the same.

In the middle ages skis had different lengths - one long and one short. Short ski was used for pushing and was often wrapped with the skins of animals in order not to slide . The long one was for sliding.

The oldest skis in the world are over 2,000 years old, they can be found in the Swedish Ski Museum. Skis have the form of two wooden planks with curved upwards ends.

The first Olympic cross-country skiing competitions were held 90 years ago at the 1924 Olympic Games in Chamonix.

First women’s competitions - the 10 km race - was held in 1952 in Oslo.

It took almost 5 hours for the 1928 St. Moritz Olympic Champion to pass the 50-kilometer distance of the marathon race. Norway's Petter Northug covered the same distance in 2 hours 5 minutes 34 seconds to become the 2010 Olympic Champion.

The most titled skier in the history of the Olympics, Norway's Bjorn Daly won three medals at each of the three Olympic Games in a row - 1992, 1994 and 1998 and set a Winter Olympic record by winning 12 medals in 15 races. He has 8 gold and 4 silver medals.

The world's longest skis has the length of 534 meters.

These skis were used for setting a world record in simultaneous skiing. The record belongs to Sweden. In 2018 1,043 people took a ride on these skis.

History

Sport type photo history of skiing

Ski races were initially held in the Scandinavian countries in the second half of the eighteenth century; the first official ski championship took place in 1767 in Norway. In the late nineteenth - early twentieth century cross-country skiing began its widespread development in many countries.

The first ski club n Russia was organized in December 1895. It was called Moscow Skiers Club.

Russian soldiers used skis during the wars with the foreign enemies. The Legendary Yermak Timofeyevich used skis in his conquests.

The Russian cross-country championship is organized on a regular basis since 1910. The title of the first national champion was won by Moscovite Pavel Bychkov.

The International Ski Federation (FIS) was founded in 1924. This organization unites national ski federations.


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