Ski races were initially held in the Scandinavian countries in the second half of the eighteenth century; the first official ski championship took place in 1767 in Norway. In the late nineteenth - early twentieth century cross-country skiing began its widespread development in many countries.
The first ski club n Russia was organized in December 1895. It was called Moscow Skiers Club.
Russian soldiers used skis during the wars with the foreign enemies. The Legendary Yermak Timofeyevich used skis in his conquests.
The Russian cross-country championship is organized on a regular basis since 1910. The title of the first national champion was won by Moscovite Pavel Bychkov.
The International Ski Federation (FIS) was founded in 1924. This organization unites national ski federations.