Красноярская универсиада 2019 года

2-12 MARCH 2019

    • :
    • :
    • :

    COUNTDOWN TO WINTER UNIVERSIADE 2019

    50d
    -39°C
    Decoration leftDecoration right

    Cross-Country skiing

    Cross-country skiing is a popular sport that has many fans worldwide. Usually the competitions are held in the countryalong a specially prepared race track, and the athletes can choose the classical style or the free style of skiing. Cross-country skiing is a cyclical sport.

    Sports Disciplines included into the Winter Universiade 2019

    Sport type photo maxresdefault

    PURSUIT RACE

    Free style

    Men
    10 km
    Women
    5 km
    Sport type photo 648218524

    RELAY

    Classical style, skate style

    Men
    two stage classic style+ two stage skate style
    Women
    3 people x 5 km (1 classic style stage+2 stages skate style)
    Sport type photo tmpjqfox7

    CROSS-COUNTRY SKIING MASS START

    Free style

    Men
    30 km
    Women
    15 km
    Sport type photo gs22 6699 0

    INDIVIDUAL RACES

    Classical style

    Men
    10 km
    Women
    5 km
    Sport type photo e51c1fe1f221a9c5b1f34fbaa3cd6819

    INDIVIDUAL SPRINT

    Free style

    Men
    1,6 km
    Women
    1,2 km
    Sport type photo 106541 preview image

    MIXED TEAM SPRINT RELAY

    Classical style

    Facts

    Modern skis are absolutely identical to each other, and in the Middle Ages they were significantly different. One was intended for sliding, and the other — for pushing against the snowy surface. The former was longer, and the latter was shorter. The first was made from a sharpened piece of wood, the second was covered with animal skin. Understandably, these skis were quite difficult to ride on. They were used not for riding but for passing over deep snow.

    History

    Sport type photo history of skiing

    Throughout the world, skiing has become one of the most popular winter sports. The first skis were used by the ancient hunters in the northern countries. They looked like modern snowshoes.

    The oldest written evidence of the use of sliding skis dates back to the 6th-7th century AD. In 960, skis are mentioned as equipment for training the court dignitaries of Norway. The first use of the word "skis" in Russia dates back to the 12th century.

    Interest in skiing as a sport was shown by the Norwegians. In 1733, Hans Emahusen issued an instruction on the ski training of troops with a sports focus. In 1767, competitions were held in all types of skiing (in modern terminology): biathlon, slalom, downhill and cross-country skiing. The first world exhibition of various types of skis and ski equipment was opened in Trondheim, in 1862-1863. 

    In 1877, Norway organized the first skiing society, soon a sports club was opened in Finland. Then the ski clubs began to function in other countries of Europe, Asia and America. The popularity of ski holidays in Norway grew - Holmenkollen Games (1883), Finland - Lahti Ski Games (1922), Sweden - mass cross-country skiing "Vasaloppet" (1922). 

    In the late 19th century, competitions in skiing began to be held in all countries of the world. Ski specialization was different in different countries. In Norway, cross-country race, jumps and Nordic combined were well developed. In Sweden, that was cross-country race. In Finland and Russia - races on non-mountainous terrain. In the United States, the development of skiing was promoted by Scandinavian settlers. In Japan, skiing under the influence of Austrian coaches received an alpine skiing focus. In 1910, an international ski congress was held in Oslo with the participation of 10 countries. It established the International Ski Commission reorganized into the International Ski Federation (1924).