Красноярская универсиада 2019 года

2-12 MARCH 2019

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    COUNTDOWN TO WINTER UNIVERSIADE 2019

    50d
    -39°C
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    Short track speed skating

    Athletes (usually 4-8) at the same time rolling on the oval ice track length of 111,12 m. During each race a number of athletes, usually from 4 to 8, race along the speed skating oval, 111.12 m long.  The participants draw lots to determine their position on the track. The position is quite important because it sets the tone for the competition. The winning athlete in this sport is not necessarily the fastest; rather he or she is the smartest.

    Sports Disciplines included into the Winter Universiade 2019

    Sport type photo шт спринт

    500 Meter Sprint

    А speed skating race where it is most important to have a good and fast start. Four athletes cover 4 1/2 laps along the track. The first two move onto the next round, and proceed in the tournament according to the Olympic system rules, when the weaker opponent drops out.

    Men
    500 m
    Women
    500 m
    Sport type photo albums show short trek

    1000 Meter Race

    Athletes cover 9 laps. They start in the same manner as in the 500 m race. Sometimes there may be more than four athletes competing at the same time.

    Men
    1000 m
    Women
    1000 m
    Sport type photo 1500 гонка

    1500 Meter Race

    Athletes cover 13.5 laps. Five or six athletes participate, as a rule, in the first round. According to the Olympic Games rules, three fastest athletes then proceed to the semi-finals. Three races with six athletes in each are held in the semi-final. Two best athletes from each of the semifinals proceed toFinals A, and those in the third and fourth places — to Finals B.

    Men
    1500 m
    Women
    1500 m
    Sport type photo эстафета

    Relay

    A team race of eight teams, four athletes in each. Women cover 3000 meters (27 laps), and men — 5000 meters (45 laps). Each team decides how many laps each athlete will run. The only exception are the two final laps that one and the same athlete must run. The relay can be passed from one athlete to the next only in the special corridor. The race takes two days and begins with semi-finals (four teams in each race).

    Men women
    3 + 5 km

    Facts

    In short track the skates are a little higher than in classical speed skating events. This is done so that the skates could keep not only the foot but also the ankle steady.The skates are therefore made individually for every athlete. Unlike the skates for speed-skating, the skates for short track have immobile, fixed, shorter blades. The blade on the skates is slightly tilted to the side to allow athletes to turn faster around circles of small diameter.

    History

    Sport type photo 211016 almaty3

    Short track first appeared in North America in the late 19th — early 20th century. The first competitions took place in 1905. The first international tournament with participation of Canadians and Americans took place in 1915.

    Short track as a sport was included in the program of ISU (International Skating Union) in 1967. The first World Championship was held in the US in 1976, and Alan Rattray and Celeste Chlapaty, both representing the US, became all-around champions. The first team World Championship was held in 1991 in South Korea.

    Short track was first introduced as an exhibition sport on the Winter Olympic Games of 1988. The sport was entered into the official Olympic program during the 1992 games. The first Olympic champions were Kim Ki-hoon (1000 m) (Korea), Cathy Turner (500 m) (US), the men’s team of South Korea and the women’s team of Canada.

    Today short track is especially popular in Asian countries — South Korea, China and Japan. US and Canada teams have quite a few skaters with Asian heritage.