Красноярская универсиада 2019 года

2-12 MARCH 2019

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    COUNTDOWN TO WINTER UNIVERSIADE 2019

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    Snowboarding

    In this sport an athlete performs high-speed descent from a mountain slope, and completes various acrobatic elements on a special track, etc. on a snowboard — a fringed monoski with bindings for feet.

    Sports Disciplines included into the Winter Universiade 2019

    Sport type photo universiada 2015 02 10 slalom paralelo snowboard femenino

    PARALLEL SLALOM

    Two athletes follow parallel tracks bordered by blue and red flags. Both tracks must be identical to each other in terms of relief, snow conditions, number of gages, etc. The winner is the athlete who completes the track first.

    Sport type photo paralelo gigante lamolina2011

    PARALLEL GIANT SLALOM

    Two athletes start the race simultaneously along parallel tracks. As opposed to parallel slalom parallel giant slalom has longer distances between the gates, and therefore, athletes accelerate to faster speeds.

    Sport type photo half pipe

    HALF PIPE

    The athletes perform on a special track that is similar to half a pipe in shape. This allows the athletes to move from one wall to the other, accelerate and perform acrobatic tricks in the air. The goal of competition participants is to perform complex jumps to demonstrate all their technical capabilities.

    Sport type photo 020413 2019valais

    SLOPE STYLE

    Athletes overcome various obstacles in the form of geometric figures, railings, jumping zones, etc., on a specially arranged slope.

    Sport type photo 210209 snowboard2

    SNOWBOARD CROSS

    The race course consists of various bumps, obstacles, counter slopes and kickers. All the participants in the competition are selected in qualification rounds. The participants are placed in the finals according to their qualification results. Six or four athletes take part in each of the final races. Two or three of the best pass onto the next round, and the best reach the finals to compete for the medals.

    Facts

    When snowboarding, just like when skiing, all muscle groups of the athlete are involved, but most of the effort is required from the calf muscles, which help coordinate the athlete's moves during skiing.
     
    The longest snowboarding ride was undertaken by Tommy McMean, who snowboarded for 24 hours in 1988. Over this time he went downhill 101 times, and covered the total distance of 93 km.
     
    The record snowboarding jump from a kicker was performed by Mads Johnson of Norway, who flew 57 m from the kicker that took some 3 weeks to build.
     

    History

    Sport type photo 1985 1st freestyle snowboard action tk
    The first prototype of a snowboard was a snurfer invented and manufactured by the US citizen Sherman Poppen for his daughter in 1965. He glued the two skis together. As early as the following year, the production of snurfer as a children's toy was launched.
     
    The first snurfing championship was held in 1979 in Michigan. These competitions were attended by Jake Burton who improved the snurf by adding feet bindings. The first national competition in slalom was held in 1982 in Vermont. The first half-pipe world championship was held in 1983 in California. The event was organized by Tom Sims and Mike Chantry, a local snowboarding instructor.

    The popularity of snowboard led to its recognition as an official sport; the International Snowboarding Association (ISA) was founded in 1984.  World championships have been held regularly since 1996.

    Snowboard was first included in the programme of Winter Olympic Games in 1998 in Nagano (Japan). The first Olympic champions in halfpipe were Nicole Tost (Germany) and Gianni Simmen (Switzerland); the most renowned snowboarder in the world Karin Ruby (France) and Ross Rebagliati (Canada) won the first title in slalom. The most successful teams in snowboard competitions are those of Switzerland and the US.