Alpine skiing was born in Norway in the 19th century. It is believed that the world's first alpine skiing club was founded by the downhill enthusiasts in 1875 in Christiania (now Oslo, the capital of Norway). The first competitions took place in 1879. However, some experts say that the true founders of alpine skiing were Austrians. By the beginning of the 20th century, alpine skiing was spreading across Europe, America and Asia. Alpine skiing competitions in the Alps have been held since 1905.
In 1911, the first international competitions took place in Switzerland, and in 1922 official competition rules were developed. The first World Cup was held in 1931 in Mürren (Switzerland).
Alpine skiers managed to get into the programme of the Olympic Games in 1936: in Garmisch-Partenkirchen (Germany) 756 participants from 28 countries competed for the first Olympic medals in slalom, downhill and combination. Among men, Franz Pfnjur from Germany became the first Olympic champion, and among women - his compatriot Kristl Krantz.